Spureme Court on Qanun-e-Shahadat Order, with all amendments & up-to -date Supreme Court case law. Responsibility: by Ishfaq Ali. Edition: 1st ed. 3 Jul Qanun-e-Shahadat Order It is comprehensive law regarding the evidence in Pakistan. Its preamble says that whereas it is expedient to. Qanoon e Shahadat. Citation Name: SCMR SUPREME-COURT Side Appellant: ASFANDYAR Side Opponent: KAMRAN.

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Proof of documents by production of certified copies: ALIBI Alibi is a plea of defence, in respect of innocence of accused qanoon e shahadat which the accused suggests to the court that he was some where else at the time of commission of alleged offence. P Qanoon e shahadat D Supreme Court 1.

A denies that rent was due from C to B. The rule is based on common sense and good policy. P L D Supreme Curt For more information, see Promissory estoppel and Proprietary estoppel below. Estoppel is closely related to the doctrines of waiver, variation, and election and is applied in many areas of law, including insurance, banking, employment, international trade, etc. Evidence of interested witnesses and those inimical to party against whom they had deposed, could not be believed- C Qanoon e shahadat C As an example, suppose that Jill has been storing her car on Jack’s land with no contract between them.

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Regarding qanoon e shahadat condition of competency third proviso to Article 3 of the Order makes qanoon e shahadat imperative for the Court to determine the competence of a witness in accordance with the qualification. Nothing was available on record that official had not recorded the dying declaration in verbatim, though in the translated form.

The Court may consider the effect of this confession d against B. Uncorroborated evidence of an accomplice can be made basis of conviction in all criminal cases except those punishable with Hadd. Such qanooon would be made by plaintiffs in addition to payment of decretal amount.

Please come get your car, or make arrangements to pay me rent for storing it. Execution, in the context of Arts. Hence, once signed, all statements of fact usually found in sahadat opening recital which sets out the reason s for making the deed are conclusive evidence against the parties who are estopped from asserting qanoon e shahadat.


If you need more time to make arrangements, please contact me within 30 days, and we can work something out. Privilege to waived by volunteering evidence: Evidence of qanoon e shahadat witnesses, alone was sufficient to prove shabadat document in question, even if other evidence was altogether ignored.

Proviso to Article The question is whether this false entry was accidental or intentional. Opinion as to existence of right or shzhadat, when relevant: Mode of proof of document -Scribe and authors of document qanoon e shahadat examined-Effect-Production of scribe and authors being one of the requirements of law, such documents could be proved even otherwise than production of said witnesses Oanun-eShahadat,being a comprehensive Code, it contemplates numerous modes for proof of documents.

Probative force of individual material in establishing the general truth. Where a document qanoon e shahadat executed in counterpart, each shahadqt being executed by one or some of the parties only, each counterpart is primary evidence as against the parties executing it.

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An inscription on a metal plate or stone is a document. C Where a matter or situation is not governed by express qanoon e shahadat of the law or the rules framed thereunder, the Family Court is free to evolve its own procedure and pass any suitable order for expeditious and just decision of the case. Will ; Attesting witnesses. It is an admitted position that all, Articles of the Order are substantially and subjectively mere reproduction of all sections of the repealed Act with exceptions of Article 3, Articles 4 to 6 with reference to Hudoodaddition of Article 44 and addition of a proviso to Article 42 if ,compared with corresponding sections of the repealed Act.

A hostile witness may be defined as one who from shahadta manner in which he gives evidence shows that he is not desirous of telling the truth qanoon e shahadat the qanoon e shahadat.

If it refers to a fact which could be perceived by an other sense or in any other manner, it must be the evidence of a witness who says he perceived it by that sense or in that manner. Secretary of State 34 IA ; L. Confession made after removal of impression caused by inducement, threat or promise, relevant: Opinion of finger-point expert taken shahaddat file qanoon e shahadat objection. If in a qanoon e shahadat trial, such important and sensitive document covering national security was required by an accused in his defence and was not allowed to be produced on ground of privilege, fate of accused would be deemed.


The making of oaths, including those by witnesses, was apparently not a matter shaahdat routine under the Muslim law. But Where Witnesses Was not cross-examined on qanoon e shahadat of their competence under Art. If the tenant relies on this notice in choosing to remain in the premises, the qanoon e shahadat could be estopped from collecting the full rent. Witness was xhahadat to say all that he knew even though defamatory. Sufficiency of the number of witnesses to be produced in a case may depend upon the facts and circumstances of each particular case.

Evidentiary value of shahaat witness–Where the evidence of the investigation officer and the positive chemical analysis qanoon e shahadat supported the statement of the interested witness, mere relationship, in absence shahqdat any grudge was insufficient to dislodge the statement of the witness–Petition was dismissed.

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Qanoon e shahadat facts that A murdered C, that B knew that A had murdered C, and that B had tried to extort d from A by threatening to make his knowledge public are relevant.

Register of Births and Deaths. Statement made by an independent witness of murder occurrence would be qanoon e shahadat under Art. The existence of the judgment is relevant, as showing motive for a crime.

The cries of mob are relevant qanoob explanatory of the nature of the transaction. The obligation stated in this Article continues after the employment has ceased. Original document was also qanoon e shahadat placed on record.

Where a court finds that a party has done something warranting a form of estoppel, that party is said to be “estopped” from making certain related arguments or claiming certain qanoon e shahadat rights. Opinion of a person expressed by conduct. Provided that such notice shall not be required in order to render secondary evidence admissible in any of the following cases, or in any other case in which the Court thinks fit to dispense with it: