coxa vara and vertical physis increases Etiologies of Coxa Vara neck (looks like inverted-Y radiolucency); decreased femoral anteversion. INTRODUTION Coxa vara is progressive decrease in the angle between the (A ) Pauwels Y-shaped osteotomy. Coxo valga y varo. MARTINS, Josefa Sileda y SILVA, Anselmo José da. Angle of Inclination of Femur in Man and its Relationship with Coxa Vara and Coxa Valga. Int. J. Morphol.

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Signs to look out for are as follows:.

December Learn how and when to remove this template message. In the case of acquired coxa vara from a fracture, the proximal femur and femoral neck need accurate reduction and rigid fixation to avoid potential serious complications. There are 3 types Coxa Vara, acquired, congenital and developmental, usually displaying greater acetabular dysplasia and an abnormal acetabulum.

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This is achieved by performing a valgus osteotomy, with the valgus position of the femoral neck improving the action of the gluteus bara, normalising the femoral neck angle, increasing total limb length and improving the joint congruence. In this case study, the acetabulum is abnormal in coxa vara. Premature epiphyseal closure is described as one of the ethiological factors of coxa vara.

Contents Editors Categories Share Cite. As a result of congenital coxa varathe inferior medial area of the femoral neck may be fragmented. A retrospective study of femoral neck fractures in children show the following complications: Cleidocranial dysostosis Sprengel’s deformity Wallis—Zieff—Goldblatt syndrome.


A progressive varus deformity might also occur in congenital coxa vara as well as excessive growth of the trochanter and shortening of the femoral neck. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Pectus excavatum Pectus carinatum.

D ICD – AP radiographs in standing are taken, usually of both hips in a neutral position. Genu valgum Genu varum Genu recurvatum Discoid meniscus Congenital patellar dislocation Congenital knee dislocation. Coxa vara is as a varus deformity voxa the femoral neck. Wrist drop Boutonniere deformity Swan neck deformity Mallet finger.

Coxa Vara / Coxa Valga – Physiopedia

Cubitus valgus Cubitus varus. This article about a disease of musculoskeletal and connective tissue is a stub. Subluxation in children is measured by the Migration Index and the Centre edge Angle. The objective of medical interventions is to restore the neck-shaft angle and realigning the epiphysial plate to decrease shear forces and promote ossification of the femoral neck defect.

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Developmental coxa vara is a rare condition with an incidence of 1 in 25 live births. If you believe that this Physiopedia article is the primary source for the information you are refering to, you can use the button below to access a related citation statement. Luxating patella Chondromalacia patellae Patella baja Patella alta. Physiopedia is not a substitute for professional advice or expert medical services from a qualified healthcare provider.

Articles lacking sources from December All articles lacking sources Infobox medical condition new All stub articles. Retrieved from ” https: The most serious ones with high and long term morbidity being osteonecrosis and coxa vara.


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Coxa Vara / Coxa Valga

Madelung’s deformity Clinodactyly Oligodactyly Polydactyly. CT can be used to determine the degree of femoral anteversion or retroversion. Congenital coxa vara results in a decrease in metaphyseal bone as a result of abnormal maturation and ossification of proximal femoral chondrocyte.

You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. A Trendelenburg limp is sometimes associated with unilateral coxa vara and a waddling gait is often seen when bilateral coxa vara is present. Another possible explanation for the high occurrence of coxa vara is the loss of reduction after initial fracture reduction of implant failure in unstable fractures. In most cases Physiopedia articles are a secondary source and so should not be used as references.

Literature is lacking, but surgical management appears to be the accepted treatment protocol for this condition. This article does not cite any sources. Coxa valga is a deformity of the hip where the angle formed between the head and neck of the femur and its shaft is increased, usually above degrees.

Acquired musculoskeletal deformities M20—M25, M95— Clinically, the condition presents itself as an abnormal, but painless gait pattern.

When refering to evidence in academic writing, you should always try to reference the primary original source.

Views Read Edit View history. Macrocephaly Platybasia Craniodiaphyseal dysplasia Dolichocephaly Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome Plagiocephaly Saddle nose.